Assessment for Learning is an effective way of actively involving students in their learning.  Each session plan comes with suggestions about how to organise activities and worksheets that may be used with students.

If you teach primary science, see the headings below to find out how to use this resource:

Skill development

Children will develop their working scientifically skills by:

  • Asking their own questions about scientific phenomena.
  • Finding things out using a wide range of secondary sources of information.

Learning outcomes

Children will:

  • Compare and group together different kinds of rocks on the basis of their appearance and simple physical properties.
  • Recognise that soils are made from rocks and organic matter.

Concepts supported

Children will learn:

  • How different rocks are formed and how this gives them certain properties.
  • That the rock cycle is a continuous process.

Suggested activity use

This activity can be used as a lesson starter or plenary, depending on how much detail you want to go into. If used in this way, then the whole class can be involved, and you can use guiding questions to prompt answers.

Alternatively, you can use this activity with small groups of children to check their understanding about the properties of rocks.

Practical considerations

The practical task involves children arranging a series of cards to build a correctly annotated diagram of the rock cycle.

You will need to remain aware of the interaction between ‘expert groups’ and ‘not-yet expert groups’ to ensure that understanding is consolidated, and that the interactions result in the self-esteem of all children being promoted.