Potassium dichromate and hydrogen peroxide are mixed in this practical, which asks students to explore colour changes in the reaction
Reduce dichromate ions by using hydrogen peroxide, and observe the colour changes that occur. What does this colour change mean? What kind of reaction does it suggest?
This experiment should take five minutes. You can also use this reaction in a series of microscale experiments to investigate the chemistry of the transition elements and observe and compare their colour changes.
- Eye protection
- Student worksheet
- Clear plastic sheet (eg OHP sheet)
Solutions should be contained in plastic pipettes. See the accompanying guidance on apparatus and techniques for microscale chemistry, which includes instructions for preparing a variety of solutions.
- Potassium dichromate 0.2 mol dm–3
- Hydrogen peroxide 5% solution
Health, safety and technical notes
- Read our standard health and safety guidance.
- Students must wear suitable eye protection (Splash resistant goggles to BS EN166 3).
- Potassium dichromate, K2Cr2O7, 0.2 mol dm–3 is a carcinogen, mutagen, reproductive toxin, skin and respiratory sensitiser. It is also toxic if inhaled, corrosive to skin and eyes and toxic to aquatic life. Wear splash-proof eye-protection if transferring large amounts. Avoid skin contact. See CLEAPSS Hazcard HC078c.
- Hydrogen peroxide, 5% solution H2O2 (aq) is of low hazard. See CLEAPPS Hazcard HC050.
- Cover the worksheet with a clear plastic sheet.
- Put one drop of potassium dichromate solution in the circle provided.
- Add one drop of 5% hydrogen peroxide to the potassium dichromate solution.
On adding the hydrogen peroxide solution, the reaction mixture immediately turns a deep blue colour.
After a while bubbles are seen and the colour gradually fades to a pale blue-green due to hexa-aqua chromium(III) ions.
The reaction is: Cr2O72–(aq) + H2O2(aq) + 8H+(aq) → 2Cr3+(aq) + 5H2O(I) + 2O2(g)
- Observe carefully. Are there any changes over the next few minutes?
- Give an explanation for your observations and try to write an equation for the reaction.
- What type of reaction is occurring?
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S. W. Breuer, Microscale practical organic chemistry. Lancaster: Lancaster University, 1991.
This resource is part of our Microscale chemistry collection, which brings together smaller-scale experiments to engage your students and explore key chemical ideas. The resources originally appeared in the book Microscale chemistry: experiments in miniature, published by the Royal Society of Chemistry in 1998.
© Royal Society of Chemistry
Health and safety checked, 2018