Review the chemistry behind cisplatin and its role in fighting cancer

This resource will aid your 16–18 student’s understanding of the chemistry behind anticancer drugs and help them appreciate the interdisciplinary nature of drug design and action by learning more about cisplatin and other platinum anticancer drugs. Use this for revision after or to supplement the resource Cisplatin and drug design.

UN sustainable development goal 3: ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages has never been more relevant, with Covid-19 not only having direct negative impacts on health, but the pandmeic leading to delays in the diagnoses and treatments of cancers, too.

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Sustainability in chemistry

The Sustainable Development Goals logo

This resource accompanies the Education in Chemistry article Chemists’ role in the fight against disease where you will find more support and suggestions for how to connect your current chemistry teaching with UN sustainable development goal 3: ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages. Link directly to the goal to give this activity an engaging and relevant context.

The tasks

Task 1 – Knowledge retrieval

  • Carry out as a ‘do now’ activity to help recall prior knowledge.

Task 2 – Cisplatin and other platinum anticancer drugs

  • Deliver as a whole class activity or as a worksheet after/during the teaching of cisplatin.
  • Students could self-assess their answers or you could model answers under a visualiser and have a class discussion.

Task 3 – Cisplatin comprehension/quiz

  • Use as an extension task or as wider reading for students to appreciate the history behind cisplatin.
  • The quiz could be done as a comprehension activity or you could quiz students using the questions as a starter, after setting the text as wider reading for homework.

Download this

Student worksheet as pdf or MS Word.

Worksheet answers as pdf or MS Word.

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Cisplatin and cancer

It was over 100 years after cisplatin was first synthesised in 1845 that its anticancer properties were discovered. 

Barnett Rosenberg and his group of scientists found that cisplatin was successful against cancer in mice in 1965 after carrying out an earlier series of experiments looking at the effects of electric currents on the growth of E. coli.

In 1971, clinical trials in humans took place and cisplatin was licensed for use in 1979 in the UK.

Cisplatin is a chemotherapy drug; patients are given a solution of cisplatin as an intravenous drip. Cisplatin is used against testicular, ovarian, lung, bladder, colorectal and other cancers. 

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